Two native American nut trees that feed all kinds of wildlife animals and game birds are the hickory trees and the Allegheny chinquapin bushes. The chinquapin nut produces sweet kernels that are intensively attractive to birds, after the chinquapins freely fall from the burr in the autumn. The hickory tree is slow to bear nuts but produces reliable annual quantities of nuts when full maturity is reached.
Very few nut trees produce or thrive well in wetlands, but the hickory tree can be found growing wild near many rivers and streams, and hickory nuts cover the ground with abundant quantities of nuts during the fall. Chinese chestnut trees are dependably, highly productive producers of massive quantities of nuts, and the trees can produce chestnuts in almost every State because of their extreme cold hardiness. Any farmer or commercial grower of papershell pecans can tell you that he usually declares war on wildlife animals during the fall, on animals and birds that pour out of the woodlands to ravenously consume his highly valued nut crop. Humans love chestnuts and pecans more than wildlife animals, so you might consider planting enough of these nut trees for you to eat too.