New Mexico Trees
Buy New Mexico Fruit Trees, Nut Tree, Bamboo-Berry Plants, Flowering Trees, Shade Tree, and Grapevines
New Mexico has a wide range of climatic factors that determine the best kinds of fruit trees that are adapted for growing during extreme temperature fluctuations and soil profiles. Because New Mexico can grow such a wide range of plants in 4 different zones, it is important to remember that most gardeners want to plant a vine or tree that will produce fruit in a hurry, and there are two options for doing this: either plant a large tree or transplant a fast growing tree. There is a problem with that logic, and that is that a fast growing tree will rapidly elongate and enlarge the cell walls. The cold weather insulating material in the cell walls is lignin and cellulose, both materials that are lacking in a fast growing tree. That means that sometimes it is better to plant a slow growing tree in order to avoid cold damage or trees being killed by sudden temperature drops. Santa Fe, NM is located in frigid USDA zone 5, and very limited types of apple trees and other types of fruit tree, especially peach, pear tree and plum trees can be grown in Santa Fe, NM. For instance, sweet cherry trees like Black Tartarian cherries and Bing cherry trees can often be damaged by late, unexpected spring frosts, however, sour pie cherry trees, like Montmorency cherries and North Star cherry tree are good for planting in Northern New Mexico. Apple trees such as Jonathon apple, Red Delicious apple tree and Golden Delicious apple trees are good for planting and on most New Mexico soils. For central New Mexico, the Elberta peach tree and the Reliance peach trees produce delicious dessert type peach fruits. The Santa Rosa plum tree produces a red, tried and tested plum, that is suitable for planting in most NM zones except for zones 4 and 5. The Green Gage plum tree is similarly grown and adapted in the above zones. The purple Stanley plum tree is a plum that is excellent for planting in colder New Mexico orchards zone 4 and 5. The Tilton Apricot tree produces a tasty, sweet, apricot fruit that can be grown throughout NM except zone 8, and the golden Moorpark apricot is an important commercial fruit that is commonly found in grocery stores.
Many nut trees can be grown in New Mexico, mainly because of the dry atmosphere that is the most favorable for growing thin shelled (papershell) pecan trees. New Mexico has become a major producer among States for pecan commercial production of in-shell nuts. The Stuart pecan and Desirable pecan trees are often found planted together as companion trees in order for proper cross pollination in pecan orchards, but newer pecan tree cultivars like Elliott, Sumner and Pawnee trees will probably be much more profitably commercially. Hall's hardy almond trees and the American black walnut and English walnut trees grow well in New Mexico, and the Chinese chestnut tree is very cold hardy and has proven to be a good producer of high quality, The American chestnut tree is blight resistant and is adapted to grow in NM. Chinese chestnuts in all New Mexico USDA climate zones. The American filbert tree is adaptable to the alkaline soils of New Mexico, and the filbert nuts are sweet and aromatic when toasted. The Allegheny chinquapin tree has not been widely tested in NM.
Red mulberry trees and Persian black mulberry trees offer great promise as producers of marketable mulberries. Red raspberry plants and black raspberries grow throughout NM. Blackberry plants, both thorny and thornless blackberry plants, can be grown not only as backyard garden berries, but as commercial berries. Blueberry plants are limited for growing in New Mexico, because of the alkaline basic soils, but the addition of peat moss or elemental sulfur to the soil surface will make blueberry planting possible. Thornless blackberry plants are highly productive in NM soil profiles and both red raspberry plants and the black raspberry plants are productive in similar soils.
Several kinds of fig trees are cold hardy to grow in New Mexico: Chicago Hardy fig tree and Tennessee mountain fig trees have survived in USDA climate zones of 5 and 6 in the extreme cold temperatures of the winter of 2014, when the trees were properly mulched. Ty Ty Nursery carries many other fig tree cultivars such as the Black Mission fig tree, the Green Ischau fig tree, and the white Italian fig tree.
Bunch grapevines and seedless grape vines grow in most USDA zones of New Mexico. Muscadine grape vines and Scuppernong grapevine production is limited to planting in zone 7 and 8. Wine grapes can be grown that contain high concentrations of sugar-excellent for wine production.
New Mexico Shade trees will cut power bills drastically and stop soil erosion, as well as increase property values. N.M. Maple trees, Oak trees and Green Ash trees all grow into very large shade tree. The Ginkgo, Sweet Gum trees and Sassafras tree provide brilliant colors of leaves during the fall season. Elm trees, River Birch trees and Sycamore trees prefer growing in drought resistant soils. The Tulip Poplar tree, the Weeping Willow Tree and Bald Cypress trees are fast growing trees that are cold hardy. One of the fastest growing shade trees is the columnar Lombardy poplar tree that can grow over 8 feet in a single year, and is an excellent choice to plant as a privacy screen or a windbreak, if the Lombardy poplar trees are planted in thick, dense rows.
The survival and conservation of wildlife animals and birds is foremost to animal lovers and hunters. The Kieffer pear trees produce a slow ripening hard pear, and the American persimmon tree ripens in the fall when wildlife food is scarce. The crabapple wild seedling tree, the Chickasaw plum and red mulberry trees are vigorous growers of abundant food for wildlife animals and game birds. The elderberry bushes, strawberry bush and autumn olive tree provide berries during the growing season. The wild, seedling pecan, the hickory nut tree and the American chestnut and Chinese chestnut trees drop plenty of nuts during the fall and winter months beneath the trees. The white oak tree, the Gobbler oak tree and the fast growing sawtooth trees produce bushels of acorns to feed wildlife deer and game birds.
The Japanese Magnolia tree and the Catalpa trees are excellent shade trees, but both of these trees are also beautiful flowering trees that are cold hardy in all areas of New Mexico. The Japanese pink Kwanzan cherry trees and the Yoshino cherry tree that produces white single flowers grow in all parts of NM. The white flowering Cleveland pear tree is lovely in the spring, and the multi-colors of flowering peach trees, pink, peppermint and white are quit stunning in the beginning of spring. The crabapple tree is an excellent flowering tree that also produces and edible fruit and is useful in pollinating apple trees that require a pollinator. Red dogwood trees and red leaf plum trees (Thundercloud) add striking color in smaller gardens. The flowering apricot tree is the very earliest flowering tree to bloom in the spring. Crape myrtle trees have become improved to flower in periods lasting three months, in colors of red, white and pink. Newer colors of True Blue crape myrtle and Black Diamond are dwarf trees that rarely grow over six feet tall. The flowering oleander bushes grow into trees under the proper pruning procedures and bloom in colors of white, pink and red. Newer colors of yellow, purple and apricot dwarf are rare and well worth acquiring. All oleander trees can grow under very harsh drought conditions, can take full sun, alkaline soil profiles and are salt water tolerant and unlike other plants can bloom 9 months out of the year.
New Mexico bamboo plants can be grown from Las Cruces and Carlsbad in the South to Gallup, Santa Fe and Albuquerque in the Northern part of the State. Fast growing bamboo plants have stems with an outer casing of very hard and dense fibers that are very effective in avoiding the heat damage of the desert and also the cold hardiness can protect New Mexico bamboo clumps against winter ice and snow damage to withstand temperatures of minus 20 degrees F. below zero. The bamboo canes are attractively grown in beautiful colors of brilliant blue, waxy yellow and black-green, and random variegation can occur in leaves or the poles. It is easy to grow a bamboo plant privacy fence that will block out unwanted animals or visitors and screen your private property from the automobile noise and unpleasant fumes of carbon dioxide that are transformed in time to oxygen for healthy breathing. Order your own bamboo boxed living privacy screen from Ty Ty Bamboo Nursery, tytyga.com that will be sent fast and directly to your office or home during any time of the year.
For trees lovers and garden planters in New Mexico, Aloe plants, Yucca trees and Agave plants are no strangers, since they are there as sentinels in the desert sand requiring no Maintenance, no fertilizer and no water. These xeriscape Agave plants are widely adapted for growing in most climate regions of the State. The Agave americana 'Marginata' is known as the variegated leaf Century Plant and can be grown outside or in containers. The Agave tequilana plant juice is a sweet syrup and is fermented to ferment into tequila. The 'Agave vilmoriniana 'Octopus' grows re-curved leaves resembling the dangerous tentacles of the octopus. The Agave angustifolia 'Marginata' grows saber-like hard, stiff leaves that grow at right angles to the stem. The Agave attenuata has no leaf teeth on the leaf edges nor terminal spikes and is called the spineless agave. The Spanish Bayonet, Yucca gloriosa, the Yucca rostrata and the Joshua Tree, Yucca brevifolia are all extremely cold hardy and produce tall flower spikes of white flowers in the spring. The Red Yucca plant ,Hesperales parviflora, has leaves that change to a red color during the winter months. The Yucca filamentosa 'Color Guard' has striking leaf stripe variegation and the leaves are soft and suitable for growing inside the home with no dangerous thorns or prickly spikes to stick children. The Aloe vera plant cures burned skin and flesh wounds and when the juice is used as first aid on honeybee stings, wasps and fire ants the problems are healed.