Planting Fruit Trees, Shade Trees and Berry Plants in Vermont.
Cold temperatures is the primary limiting factor for successful fruit tree planting in Vermont. Winter in Vermont can be harsh, and the USDA zones in Burlington, Vt. is limited to zone 3-5, that means that minus 30 degrees F. temperature drops are not uncommon in Burlington, Vt. To insure cold hardiness, for a fruit tree in Vermont, it is important to remember several factors. Healthy fruit trees should be maintained during the season, and when normal growth slows in early fall, the fruit tree should not be pruned and fertilization should be stopped at summer's end, so that hardening off will begin in the fruit tree twigs and trunks. Many Vermont gardeners paint the trunks of the trees white with lime or either whitewash, so as to reflect the light during the winter warm ups and prevent sun scald. In Vermont the fruit trees should be planted in a sheltered location of the garden, preferably in a site that shelters the tree from windy winters.
The Lodi apple trees will show considerable cold hardiness in zone 3, and therefore, Lodi apple trees are recommended to grow throughout Vermont. The Red Delicious and Golden Delicious apple trees will be cold hardy in most Vermont gardens located in USDA zones 4. Braeburn Apple and Red Rome apple trees will be cold hardy in zones 5 and 4.
Sweet cherry trees are usually not as cold hardy in Vermont cherry orchards, as are the sour cherry trees. The Montmorency cherries and North Star cherries are cold hardy throughout Vermont from zone 3-5. The Red Haven peach tree and the Hale Haven peach trees will be satisfactory to grow as cold hardy in zone 5 of Vermont, and a few pear trees and native plum trees or the (Stanley plum) will survive Vermont winter freezes.
Apricot trees produce sweet delicious Apricot Fruit in USDA zone 6 of Vt. The State tree of Vermont is the sugar maple tree that makes an excellent shade tree, and the Sugar Maple tree is a basic tourist attraction. Vermont tourists love to buy Sugar Maple Syrup with its unique sweet maple flavor.
Red Oak shade trees are popular Vermont trees for vibrant fall color (Quercus rubra.) Both the sugar maple, Acer saccharum and red maple, Acer rubrum, both exhibit bright fall color and both trees are native Vermont shade trees. The sugar maple tree leaves turn an orange- red, color in the fall. The American hophornbeam, Ostrya virginiana, also, are a common shade trees for planting at Vermont homes.
Blueberry bushes, raspberry plants and blackberry bushes are grown commonly at Vermont pick-your-own, berry farms. The blueberry plant is naturally occurring as a native plant that flourishes in Vermont organic soils. Several types of organically grown raspberry bushes have been successfully grown on Vermont farms, including the red raspberry, black raspberries and the variants, fall gold and purple brandywine, raspberry plants. In Vermont the raspberry plants are usually harvested first at organic farms in July, followed in late July by blueberry bushes and organic blackberry bushes ripen for the picking in September.
Many Vermonters are growing plants such as banana trees, fig tree and pomegranate bushes, Japanese persimmon trees and loquat trees have been grown outside during the summer and carried into greenhouses during the winter in Vermont.