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Oregon Trees


Oregon Fruit Trees, Nut Trees and Blueberry Plants.



Growing or Planting fruit trees in Oregon can be challenging, because the State offers 6 climate zones, 4-9. When selecting the best fruit trees to grow in Oregon, a gardener must make sure that he chooses a low chill apple tree or a low chill peach tree, if he plants in zone 8 or 9. It would be a big mistake, if the gardener plants the same low chill apple trees or peach trees in USDA zones 4,5,6 or 7, because the flowers (fruit) would be frozen on the fruit trees by late occurring spring frosts. The Stanley plum trees should be a satisfactory plum tree to plant in all zones, since the Stanley plum tree is extremely cold tolerant. The Flordahome pear tree produces excellent soft pears with a sweet flavor in zones 8 and 9 and the Kieffer pear tree is cold hardy in zones 6,7 and 7. The Sunred , along with the Sungold nectarine tree is productive in zones 6-8.


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Because the climate is so variable and adaptable for a wide range of fruit trees, the State of Oregon has become a center for wholesale nursery growing. The Nursery industry in Oregon has become a multimillion dollar business that exports a great number of horticultural fruit trees and forestry shade trees to retail nurseries throughout the United States. Quarantine restrictions in Oregon, Washington and California are very stringent, and these quarantine regulations are necessary to prevent outside importation of harmful microbes, insects and alien weeds from polluting the booming wholesale nursery business in those states, especially Oregon.


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Grapes for fresh eating or making into grape wine or champagne are grown extensively in Oregon that also is home to more than 400 wineries and 900 vineyards. Wine grape vines are concentrated primarily focused on planting French grape types that rival the excellent wines that come from Europe. Nursery grape vine plants are an important export from Oregon, and the seedless grapevine plants are more importantly planted than the bunch grape vines that have seeds. The Red Flame seedless grapevines, the Thompson seedless grapevines and the seedless Concord grapevine are produced in huge quantities. Muscadine grapevines and Scuppernong grapevines have not been caught on the wave of popularity in Oregon wholesale wine grape vine production, mainly because most of this grape vine production began and has been concentrated in Alabama, North Carolina and Georgia nurseries a century ago .


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Blueberry plant production is very important for organic farming in Oregon, especially, because the blueberry plants respond well for organic culture procedures, and blueberries seem resistant to most insect and disease small fruit problems. Rabbiteye blueberry bushes are very well adapted for growing and high yield berry production in Oregon, and the Tifblue blueberry bushes seem to be the most popular Rabbiteye blueberry plant cultivar that is grown in OR. Over the years strawberry production was an important berry or small fruit that was produced by growers, however, low prices have created overproduction and have lessened interest in large strawberry production.


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Many nut trees are adapted for growing in Oregon like the European filbert that grows best in mild areas like the Willamette Valley. Many new hybrid trees have been released that are crosses of the European filbert and the American filbert tree, Corylus americana (American hazelnut) that have cold hardiness and blight resistant qualities that the European filbert does not have.


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Cultivars of Shagbark hickory, Carya ovata, tree have been developed that have sweet flavored kernels and thin shells. The Chinese chestnut, Castanea mollissima is the most cold hardy nut and will survive even in Oregon, zone 2,3,and 4. The Chinese chestnut has been crossed with several other chestnuts to form outstanding hybrids, like the Colossal chestnut. The Pawnee pecan tree and the Oconee pecan are cold hardy and recommended for warmer USDA Oregon zones. Black walnut trees are very cold hardy and are widely grown along with the English walnut tree that is grafted onto California walnut, Juglans hindsii, rootsstock.


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