Ohio Fruit Trees, Nut Trees and Berry Plants
Ohio gardeners have numerous Fruit trees possibilities to buy and plant in Ohio backyard fruit tree gardens. Temperatures during some winters are quite frigid, and snow and ice can limit fruit tree selections to only cold hardy fruiting cultivars. Apple trees are favorite fruits in Ohio, and Red Delicious apples and Golden Delicious apples still remain favorites. The Arkansas Black apple tree and the Red Rome apple trees are extremely cold hardy in Ohio gardens. Apple cider, fresh apples and apple pies are favorite desserts for every Ohioan gardener. Peach trees and nectarine tree cultivars will grow in Ohio backyard gardens in areas where temperatures remain above minus 15 degrees F. Oriental pear trees, such as the North Korean Giant pear tree is the most cold hardy pear tree to grow in Ohio especially around Cincinnati, OH. Other antique pear trees have reliably produced pears for a century in Ohio. Native plum trees are very productive, and the plums are variable in color and size, but generally the flavor is sweet and tasty. The grafted Superior plum tree and the Green Gage plum trees are cold hardy and productive. The Superior plums are red and the Green Gage plums, of course are green. The best cherry trees to plant in Ohio are sour (tart) cherries, such as the red Montmorency cherry tree and the North Star red cherry, especially for use as a cooking cherry and making cherry pies. Sweet cherries such as the Black Tartarian cherry tree is productive in some parts of Ohio around Cincinnati and the Bing cherries are purple in color and sweet to eat fresh and can be found for fresh eating in grocery stores. Red Mulberry trees have become established as a native Ohio tree, thanks to plantings by birds. New improved grafted Mulberry tree varieties, such as the Persian Black mulberry are cold hardy and heavy producers of sweet high quality mulberries. Many Ohio gardeners have become interested in growing tropical types of fruit trees in greenhouses during winters. Many European fig trees are popular for greenhouses or in-house growing in Ohio, where several crops of figs can be eaten during the year. The Paw Paw tree is a native Ohio fruit tree, and a cluster of Paw Paw fruit tastes like banana custard.
Many Ohio nut trees are native trees, and the American Black walnut nut tree and the American native chestnut nut tree are both improved native Ohio nut trees that produce impressive nut crops reliably each year. The white walnut (Juglans cinera) is the most cold hardy nut tree that is native to Ohio. The white walnut is also called the butternut, and the sweet kernels are delicious. The shagbark hickory tree is native to Ohio forests. The shagbark hickory nuts are tasty and the hickory wood is often used to smoke meats to enhance the flavor. The shagbark hickory nut has been hybridized with the pecan, Carya illinoinensis to produce a nut called the Hican that has a flavor midway between a hickory and a papershell pecan. American filbert is a native nut to the U.S., and is also called a hazelnut. The small nut is tasty and important to use in making candy and many wildlife food plots where the filbert trees are planted. Tests are being done on certain pecan tree cultivars such as the James pecan tree, the Oconee pecan tree and the Pawnee pecan tree for cold hardiness in Ohio gardens and orchards.
Berry plants are adaptable to Ohio soil profiles, The red raspberry berry plants is widely planted in Ohio, especially the Heritage red raspberry. In Ohio the red raspberries ripen in late fall and organically grown red raspberry plants can be found at many organic pick-you-own berry orchards. Both red raspberries and black raspberry plants are native to Ohio, but the black raspberry plants have a short shelf life and usually are marketed at roadside berry markets.
Surprisingly, two kinds of palm trees can be planted in Northern landscapes like Ohio. The Needle palms are very slow growing palm trees but survive cold temperature of minus 20 degrees F. Windmill palm trees are faster growing palms and look very tropical when planted next door to a patio entrance or at pool plantings. The Windmill palm trees have survived the ice and snows of Canada and tourists even marvel when the visit large Windmill palms that line the edge of the lake. Ohio landscapes are perfect for planting Windmill palm trees. Bamboo plants are excellent privacy fences that are used to block out noisy traffic or to obstruct animals or neighbors from entering your yard. The black bamboo is colorful and fast growing as a tall dense hedge. Other privacy block bamboo fences that can be planted in Ohio would be the Chinese Golden Goddess Bamboo tree, the Blue Henon bamboo plant or the variegated Alphonse Karr Bamboo with its golden striping growing horizontally up and down the bamboo poles.