North Carolina Trees
North Carolina Berry Plants, Grape Vines, Fruit Trees, Palm and Nut Trees
Berry Plants are an important commercial agricultural crop for North Carolina gardeners. Both Red raspberry bushes and black raspberries can be grown in organic, pick-your-own, berry farms in N.C. The University of North Carolina at Raleigh, N.C. recommends the red heritage raspberry, an ever- bearing cultivar, the Bristol red raspberries and the Dorman red raspberry that is a trailing raspberry bush. The Cumberland black raspberry plant grows well near Cumberland Gap, N.C., and the tasty sweet raspberries are high quality delicious dessert treat, but the shelf life is short and the black raspberry cannot be shipped to stores.
The Premier blueberry plant is one of the Rabbiteye blueberries that grows well in North Carolina backyard gardens. Several types of thornless blackberry bushes are perfect for N.C. Gardens, according to N.C. State University publications. The Arapaho thornless blackberry plant, Apache blackberry and Navaho blackberry plants will grow in numerous North Carolina soil profiles.
Many types of grapevines are adapted for planting in North Carolina. The Bunch grapes that were originated for cold hardy N.C. Gardens came from Cornell University in Ithaca, N.Y. The Catawba grapevine grows a red grape that is used as a table grape or for making red grape wine. The Fredonia black bunch grape and Niagara white grapes are also used in wine making and for excellent fresh eating. The Concord grape vine is, perhaps, the most famous grapevine in America that produces giant blue clusters of bunch grape that are handily used as grape juice, table grapes, jelly and wine making. Cabernet Sauvingnon grapes are black, and the Chardonnay fruit is a white grape that produce high sugar content, and that is ideal for red wine and white wine making in North Carolina.
The original Scuppernong grape was found growing in Tyrrel County, N.C. in 1760 and many hybrid Muscadines and Scuppernong (bronze) grape hybrids have come from that native grown, North Carolina Muscadine grape vine. Muscadine and Scuppernong grapevines have been grown successfully in North Carolina for 400 years. The most popular Muscadine plants grown in North Carolina and recommended by N.C. State University, Raleigh, N.C. are Carlos Scuppernong vines, Magnolia, Noble and Nesbitt Muscadines, all that are cold hardy. All these grapes vines, both Bunch grapes are important plants for wildlife animals, such as deer and wildlife birds of many types to include turkey, quail, duck and geese. The White Mulberry tree, Morus alba, is a native Mulberry to North Carolina, and Red and Black Mulberry trees have been hybridized to offer new types of Mulberries for both eating by gardeners and also for wildlife animals like deer and quail.
Japanese Persimmon trees can be easily grown in many North Carolina gardens. The Fuyu persimmon is sweet and crisp, even in the green stage while ripening on the tree, and the Japanese, Jiro persimmon should be ripe and soft before eating. The American persimmon tree is a native persimmon to N.C., and the persimmon fruit is very important to attract deer and other wildlife animals and birds.
North Carolina plum trees are extensively planted, including the old favorite plums to include, Methley, a deep red sweet plum with a red skin and red pulp inside, that is recommended by N.C. State University, Raleigh, North Carolina. The Ozark Premier plum tree is a red plum when completely ripe and the Luther Burbank plum X cross named “Burbank” that ripens red-green in color. The Stanley (Damson) plum tree is blue purple and is the most cold hardy North Carolina plum that can be grown in the mountains of North Carolina's Western Gardens.
Most Japanese persimmon trees can be grown well, including the Tam o pan persimmons that were introduced in N.C. In 1915. The Fuyu Japanese persimmon and the Tanenashi persimmon tree is a cross of Japanese and Russian persimmon trees and can be grown, even in the coldest North Carolina orchards.
Several peaches and nectarines are recommended by UNC in Chapel Hill, N.C. Red Haven peach trees and Hale Haven peach trees are cold hardy in North Carolina orchards along with several white peaches. The N.C, State University at Raleigh N. C. recommends the Moonglow pear tree and the Kieffer pear. The Moonglow pear is soft, sweet, and yellow in color. The Kieffer pear tree has been planted successfully for decades, and the gardeners who love hard pears that are used to make pear preserves and pear pie, love the Kieffer pears. These pears are also favorite a winter food plot tree on wildlife hunting deer preserves, since food for wildlife is scarce in late fall and winter.
Pecan trees have extensive orchard history success in North Carolina. The Cape Fear pecan tree was first distributed by Dr. Smit at Willard, N.C., near the Cape Fear, N.C., established Schley pecan orchards. The Cape Fear pecan tree has a thin shell like the Schley parent pecan, similar in shape to an oval Stuart pecan. The Pawnee pecan and the Sumner pecan trees are recommended by N.C State University along with the Gloria Grande pecan tree cultivar, that was developed and successfully grown in South Carolina.
Many flowering trees are native to N.C forests such as the white dogwood tree and the non-native grafted red and pink flowering dogwood trees. The flowering spring redbud tree is covered with bright red-pink flowers for extended periods. The Japanese flowering cherry trees are perhaps the most spectacular North Carolina flowering tree, the Akebone flowering cherry, the Kwanzan pink cherries and white Yoshiko flowering cherries. Japanese flowering magnolias in early spring burst forth with giant, white magnolia flowers. Pink, red and purple flowering Japanese magnolia trees are stunning in North Carolina landscapes. The Magnolia grandiflora is a white flowering summer tree that is a native tree with evergreen leaves. Thornless honeylocust trees are great shade trees that flower abundantly with white or pink fragrant blooms. Shade trees are important to the N.C homeowner who wants to shade his house from the summer heat and cut his cost of electricity for air conditioning.
Great interest has been shown in North Carolina in planting Northern cold hardy palm trees to shade their swimming pool and enjoy the tropical appearance that palm trees provide. The Windmill palm tree is perhaps the best of the palms for North Carolina landscapes. The Windmill palm trees are successfully growing in extreme Northern climates such as Canada and Switzerland near lake Lucerne. Other palm trees that survive in North Carolina plantings are Needle palm trees, Pindo palms and Dwarf palmetto palm trees. Golf courses in Coastal N.C. Are covered with various palm tree plantings.