Fruit trees were researched in early America by plant collectors at Flushing, New York by the Prince Nursery in the 1700's. This New York nut tree Nursery was famous for its collection and nursery offerings of NY fruit trees, berry bushes and nut trees that were collected for sale. Even President George Washington at the U.S. Capitol in New York City, N.Y. went to Prince Nursery at Flushing, N.Y. to buy pecan trees that had been collected in Illinois territory for sale. President George Washington was interested in planting a pecan tree orchard at his home, an 8000 acre farm estate at Mount Vernon, where many other nut trees such as filbert (hazelnut tree) trees were grown at Nut orchard planting sites. The New York Agricultural station at Cornell University, Ithaca, New York has promoted research on filbert (hazelnut) trees and the American Black Walnut, Juglans nigra, and the white walnut tree, Juglans cinerea. New York gardeners today can buy many cold hardy nut trees for planting in N.Y. Orchards, such as walnut, filbert and pecan. Cold hardy pecan trees like the James pecan, Hican and other grafted pecan tree cultivars can be successfully grown in Northern gardens, just like Prince Nursery, Flushing N.Y. did in early American history during the 1700's. The Hican is a cross between the pecan, Carya illinoiensis and the Hickory tree. The Hican nut has the flavor midway somewhere in between the taste of both genetic parents, the pecan and the hickory.
Roasted chestnuts for sale, once a common sight on New York streets, are now a family tradition for thanksgiving and Christmas banquet displays. Last century the American chestnut was a native tree to N.Y. Forests, but today only blight resistant American chestnut. ( Castanea americana ) trees produce edible chestnuts for roasting during holidays. Blight resistant American chestnut trees are available for you to buy at Ty Ty Nursery online. Chinese Chestnut trees can also be grown in New York nut tree orchards.
President George Washington was not only a lover of nut trees, but the first American President bought numerous varieties of fruit trees from the Flushing, New York Nursery. Many rare fruit trees that came to Prince Nursery were imported fruit trees, such as Medlar trees, was the most cold hardy fruit tree ever introduced into America. Persimmon trees and extensive Fig tree cultivars were available for N.Y. Gardeners. Fig Trees were a favorite fruit tree for New Yorkers, and seasoned gardeners learned techniques that wintered the fig tree through the frigid New York winters to ultimate produce figs, black figs, purple figs and white fig trees were researched at the New York nursery for planting.
White mulberry, (Morus alba), trees and black mulberry, (Morus nigra), trees were also offered for sale, and were bought by President George Washington from the New York Nursery. White mulberries and black mulberries were eaten by most New York colonists and large mulberry tree planting occurred around animal barns to feed domestic animals, and of course, the mulberry fruit was a favorite food of wildlife animals like deer, and wildlife game birds that in turn were hunted by New York farmers to feed their families. Wildlife animals, like deer, turkey and many other birds were an important native American food for the New York colonists.
Many cold hardy apple trees can be grown in N.Y. Orchards, such as the Red Delicious apple and the Golden Delicious apples can be grown successfully, however, it is important to plant more than one apple tree cultivar, since cross pollination is necessary to grow apples. Apple sauce and apple cider are important bi-products of organic pick-you-own N.Y. apple orchards. Many cold hardy plums are adapted for planting in down state orchards. Red plums, gold plums and green plum trees all grow well, but the purple Stanley plum tree is the most cold hardy plum tree to grow in upstate N.Y. Orchards.
Pear trees can grow in most N.Y. soil profiles and the Kieffer pear is a hard pear, but time has proven it to be adaptable to cold winter snows and ice, and the Kieffer pear is an especially important fruit in attracting wildlife animals that struggle to find food during New York Winters.
Several peach tree and nectarine trees can be good for planting in New York orchards. Cornell University, Ithaca, N.Y. the ultimate authority on fruit tree and peach tree cultivars, suggests the top peaches to plant at the N.Y. Agricultural station printed bulletins in Ithaca, N.Y. publication desk.
Cherry trees can be grown throughout New York State, and the sour cherry tree is the most cold hardy and will survive in upstate N.Y. The best sour cherries for planting are the Montmorency cherry tree and the North Star cherry trees. Downstate N.Y. orchards can grow sweet cherries, like the Black Tartarian cherry tree and the Bing cherry tree and the Bing purple cherry. Flowering cherry trees flourish in New York. The Akebone flowering cherry tree covers the recreational grounds at Central Park in N.Y.C. with fluffy, pink-white flowers. Other important flowering cherry trees are the Japanese Yoshino flowering cherries. Many other flowering trees are recommended for N.Y., such as the White Dogwood, Pink Dogwood tree and Redbud trees that grow as native, American, flowering trees.
Many grapevines are recommended for growing in New York vineyards The Concord grape is perhaps, the most famous grape for fresh eating, as a table grape, for grape juice and grape wine. The Concord grape is a grape with or without seed, called a seedless grape. The Niagara bunch grape is a white grape and the Fredonia grape is jet black in color. The Catawba grape is red and grows in bunches and is excellent to use for grape wine or as a table grape. Extensive grape vine research has been published by the New York State Agricultural Research station at Cornell University in Ithaca, N.Y.
Many types of raspberry plant cultivars are planted throughout upstate N.Y., and the Bristol Red raspberry grows at many organic New York berry farms. Black raspberries such as the Cumberland and Black Hawk raspberry are adapted for planting in New York gardens.
Organic blueberry, pick-your-own, farms grow several cultivars of blueberries for summer blueberry picking. The thorn free blackberry is a thornless type of blackberry that grows well on blackberry, pick-your-own, organic farms, and many new cultivars of blackberry varieties are now available for planting in New York Gardens that originated at the University of Arkansas.
Knowing what cold hardy trees are suitable for planting in New York is the most important decision when considering cold hardy Northern Palm trees that will survive in the New York snow and ice. The Windmill palm tree has been grown throughout New York for many years and is preferred for planting around pools and patios for those who want a tropical accent spot. Windmill palm trees have been successful in planting as far North as Canada and Switzerland and Windmill palm leaves remain green during the winter. Needle palm trees are very cold hardy, and the needles on the Needle palm tree have survived winters at the New York Botanical garden for decades. The Needle palms are always evergreen, even in the most Northern parts of upstate New York.