Missouri Fruit Trees, Berries, Nuts, Grapes and Flowering Trees.
Flowering tree planting is important in Missouri and the Dogwood tree is the State tree of Missouri. The white dogwood, Cornus florida flourishes and is a spectacular flowering tree during the Spring thaw. Crabapple trees flower in several colors, red, pink and white, and the flowering is not the only important characteristic of this tree but the crabapple fruit is important in feeding wildlife animals like deer during the fall. The Redbud flowering tree is an excellent companion tree for planting with the white dogwood tree since the Redbud tree flowers at the same time as the white dogwood. The pink or red Saucer Magnolia tree begins flowering in MO before the leaves appear, and the beautiful flowers are fragrant and long lasting.
The State of Missouri boasts a gardening collection of many varying USDA, map temperature zones, ranging from 4-7. Many kinds of fruit trees can be grown in Missouri, but because of the extreme temperature variations and humidity fluctuations, a careful selection of fruit trees that can be grow in Missouri is ultimately important and necessary. The Red Delicious apple tree and Golden Delicious apple trees grow well in MO., and the Granny Smith apples will grow in most Missouri garden areas. Sweet cherry trees can be grown in zone 7, and the Bing and Black Tartarian cherry selections are excellent. Pie cherries, sour cherry trees, such as the Montmorency cherry and the North Star cherries are abundant producers of delicious red cherries. The cold hardy, Kieffer pear tree and Moonglow pears produce in the fall season, sweet, juicy pear fruit, fit for any pear gourmet. The Elberta peach tree and the Harvester peach trees will grow well in Zone 7, USDA, and the Moorpark apricot trees produce delicious apricots during the summer.
The yellow gold plum tree is vigorous and fast growing. The Stanley plum tree produces purple-blue plums and wils mature plum fruit except in USDA zone 4. The Stanley plum tree is considered one of the most cold hardy plums of all the cultivars of plum trees.
According to the University of Missouri located at Columbia, MO., the Chinese Chestnut tree, Castanea mollissima, is emerging as a new, important nut tree crop, and the Chinese chestnuts are highly productive with tasty, crunchy chestnut. The American Black Walnut tree is a native nut tree in Missouri, and the very desirable expensive nature of the wood that is used in furniture making, and the delicious distinctive taste of the Black Walnut kernels make it a very desirable walnut to plant as a nut tree. The Oconee pecan and the papershell Pawnee pecan tree are productive of abundant pecans in the fall, and the cold hardy James pecan tree has a thin shell surrounding, flavorful tasty kernels. The hickory tree, Carya ovata produces a uniquely flavored hickory kernel - perfect for feeding wildlife animals and wildlife game birds.
Red raspberry plants grow fast to produce juicy berries in the fall. The Boyne red raspberry and the Heritage red raspberry plants from New York are excellent selections. The Royalty purple raspberry is somewhat more tart than the Bristol black raspberry and generally black raspberry plants have a longer shelf life than the purple raspberry plant does. Highbush blueberry plants grow well in Missouri, but even these blueberry cultivars are tricky to grow since the soil profile pH must be maintained between 4.5 and 5.3. Many soil types in MO are alkaline with high calcium content that is harmful to growing blueberries.
Brambles such as blackberry plants and raspberry bushes can be grown in the warmer parts of MO, USDA zone 7 and 6 and thornless blackberries and thorny blackberries are planted in several organic pick-your-own blackberry farms.
Bunch grape vines, Catawba red grapes, Niagara white grape vines and blue Concord grapes all grow well in Missouri, according to the Missouri State University at Mountain Grove, MO. All these cultivars are excellent to eat fresh from the vineyard as table grapes or to use as grape juice, grape jelly or in fermenting into grape wine.