During the winter months Michigan experiences extremely cold temperatures for fruit tree, especially in Northern Michigan. Many fruit trees grow in Michigan, and the Red Mulberry Tree, Morus rubra, is even one of the native mulberry trees found growing in all MI forests. Mulberries are a favorite food for wildlife animals like deer and game birds in Michigan. Apples are favorite fruit trees in MI., and several apple tree cultivars, such as the Lodi apple trees are cold hardy, but the Lodi must be cross pollinated, if a gardener expects to produce apple. Dolgo crabapple, and Transcendent crabapple trees are very good pollinators for apple trees, because the crabapple pollen matures over a long period of time and is available over an extensive period for apple pollination. Sour cherry trees are best grown as pie cherries, since the North Star cherry trees and Montmorency red cherry trees are very cold hardy. Sweet cherries like the Black Tartarian cherry and the Bing cherry will grow in Southern Michigan, but are somewhat less cold hardy than Sour (pie) cherries. Sungold apricot trees produce very sweet apricots of a high quality.
White walnut trees, Juglans cinerea, are native American nut trees and delicious nuts to use in baking and cooking. The White walnut, Juglans cinerea is also called the “Butternut”, a very delicious nut, and the wood of both the White walnut and the Black walnut are very expensive, desirable wood to use in furniture and crafts. The Carya ovata, Shagbark hickory nut tree, produces bushes of nuts much favored by wildlife animals and wildlife birds. The Shagbark hickory wood is often a favorite smoking agent for adding sweet, smoky flavor to fowl and other meats.
Berry plants, especially blueberry bushes, are a very important commercial berry that is grown in Michigan berry orchards. Elderberries are native berry bushes and are grown for Elderberry wine and jelly. Red raspberry plants such as Boyne, Heritage and Latham raspberries are important berry plants for MI. backyard gardeners. Cold hardy grape vines such as the white Niagara grapevine. and the blue Concord grapes are important grapevines for planting for fresh eating, wine grapes, Concord grape juice, and grape jelly.
Michigan homeowners need a cooling shade during the hot summer and Michigan State University that is located at East Lansing, MI.. recommends several types of Oak Trees as shade trees to include Black oak, Quercus velutina that has very large leaves perfect for shade. and White oak trees are slow growing, but planting a White oak tree provides a shady spot for perennial and annual flowering plants. The Northern Red Oak, Quercus rubra, is a good shade provider, and the spectacular red leaf color during the Northern fall season attracts tourists and many fall leaf color enthusiastic explorers. The Swamp White oak tree, Quercus bicolor, is a vigorous, fast growing oak tree, even in upland elevations. The Bur Oak, Quercus macrocarpa, has very large leaves, perfect for shade, and the Pin Oak, Quercus palustris, has brilliant fall leaf color of many rainbow colors. The Sycamore tree, Platanus occidentalis. has very large leaves for fast shade and the Sycamore tree is one of the fast growing trees of America and is native to Michigan tree forests.
Several Maple trees are fast growing Michigan shade trees that include the Red Maple shade tree. Acer rubra with leaves of red in Fall and the sugar maple trees and silver maple trees. The American Beech tree, Fagus grandiflora grows into enormous shade trees, and the beechnuts are good, fall food for Michigan wildlife animals and MI. wildlife birds. The Black Gum shade tree, Nyssa sylvatica, is native to very low, wet areas and will provide dense shade during Michigan hot summers. The American Elm tree, Ulmus americana, is a fast growing tree for shading home entertainment areas. The Tulip tree, Lirodendron tulipfera, is one of the fastest growing, native, Michigan trees that gives the bonus of tulip like yellow, flowering tree branches loaded with fragrant, three inch cup-shaped, tulip- like flowers. The Redbud tree, Cercis canadensis, is a native flowering tree to Michigan forests, and the “Forest Pansy” Redbud is a highly desirable flowering tree for landscaping.