Fruit Trees, Shade Trees and Muscadine Grape Vines for Maryland Gardens.
Buy Maryland Fruit and Nut trees that are fastest growing plants and trees that can bear fruits the first year. Apple is a Maryland fruit tree that grows extra large fruit at an early age. Highly flavored apples require that each apple mature on the tree as long as possible for heightened flavor. Often apple trees will bear the first year in Maryland if the apple tree is at least 6 ft. or larger when planted. Two different varieties of apple trees must be planted, if proper apple pollination is to take place. Both sour and sweet cherry trees are adapted for Maryland gardens and the Stella cherry tree is self pollinating often being loaded with cherries when planting larger instant orchard sized trees.
Maryland adapted apricot trees are extra sweet tasting and the mid-summer apricots should ripen on the tree for the best flavor in full sun. Peach trees are a must for Maryland gardeners and peaches do not require cross pollination, but like nectarines, that actually are a fuzzless peach, the nectarine trees do not need cross pollination.
Plum trees grow and produce delicious sweet, juicy plums beginning in June and like Peaches and nectarines, plum trees require no cross pollination. The most popular plums to plant are red, closely followed by yellow and blue plums. Fruiting pear trees can bear fruit the first year, if large fruit trees (6ft. or better, instant orchard size) are selected.
Flowering pear trees are beautiful and radiant in the spring when their flower spectacle of white glows with fragrant blossoms. Other popular flowering trees in Maryland and crabapple, flowering cherry trees such as the Kwanzan flowering cherry trees and the Japanese flowering Yoshino cherries.
Maryland is covered with beautiful native trees, many native flowering trees and ancient specimen shade trees, Maryland gardeners generally prefer to plant native Oak trees and Maple trees for shade, because of the excellent adaptable nature. Drought resistance is very important when considering shade trees, because the large size of the maturing shade tree, requires heavy water usage by the extensive root system. White Oak trees and Red Maple trees are famous for their spectacular color change during fall automobile drives into the countryside.
Marylanders have historically been fruit tree and native shade tree worshipers, and even the historical United States National Arboretum is located in Maryland, a place that amateur gardeners visit to examine the seemingly endless shade tree planting, where a gardener can see for himself the beautiful, mature, shade trees.
Also the USDA National Germplasm Center is located in Maryland, and the USDA research center in Beltsville Md. is important for its research and hybridization work on Rabbiteye blueberry plants that were collected along the Arapaho River by Otis Woodard. Dr. Tom Brightwell, and new hybrid, named Rabbiteye blueberries were distributed by Dr. Max Austin, now deceased. That important blueberry research was directed by the USDA, and for a decade distributed Rabbiteye blueberries from nurseries located in Tifton, Ga. That distribution program was an enormous success story that turned into many commercial blueberry orchards covering thousands of acres throughout the South and even into Europe, Africa and Asia.
Grapevines for Maryland gardeners are important, not only for individual gardens, but for commercial vineyards. Bunch grapes such as the Concord grape vines are Maryland best choice, that, also, is available as a seedless grapevine. Muscadine grapevines are productive in Maryland, especially the Tara Muscadine that shows cold resistance. Native Scuppernongs and Muscadines are common in Maryland woodlands, where birds have planted the Muscadine grape seed from closeby vineyards, however, no seedless Muscadine grape has yet been developed.