Kentucky Fruit Trees, Berry Plants and Shade Trees
Bearing size fruit trees are important to most older Kentucky gardeners who want instant tree orchards to enjoy now, rather than later. Naturally Kentucky bearing size fruit and nut trees yield production sooner, Yet are also more expensive. Many Kentuckians have picked native berries from the woods, and eaten ripe American persimmon trees bare, to make persimmon cookies, jam and preserves. Kentucky is famous for the Paw Paw trees that grow as a native fruit tree. The Kentucky Paw Paws have been sold for generations at roadside markets, but the short shelf -life has prevented the Paw Paw tree from being commercially important as a profitable fruit tree, except locally, where the abundant Paw Paw fruit can be eaten and enjoyed by native Kentuckians or a few tourists who pass through. The University of Kentucky researchers at Lexington, Ky has collected exceptional Paw Paw tree selections for decades and researchers there hope to promote the Paw Paw as an improved, grafted fruit tree or either to breed cultivars that hybridize into superior Paw Paw fruits that can come true from seed enough to establish this fruit as a commercial orchard tree. Red and White Mulberry fruit trees are native fruit trees in Kentucky, and many Kentucky natives remember eating fresh mulberries from their grandparents backyard orchard. Now, grafted mulberry trees are available for the Kentucky fruit tree enthusiasts in colors of red and black or even imagine eating a white mulberry. Not only are mulberries delicious in pies, for fresh eating or jam, but wildlife animals such as deer, wildlife game birds and squirrels feast on mulberries in the spring. Having plantings of blackberry plants are memorable magnets for attracting children in the summer at the edge of woodlands, but new varieties of blackberries that are now available for commercial and pick-you-own operations for Kentucky. The new craze for berries for health benefits has increased research resulting in heavy producing, thornless blackberry plants, now with tasty blackberries as flavorful as thorny blackberries.
The idea of avoiding the deadly thorns in pick-your-own operations has provided research results that have produced many thornless blackberry cultivars, to replace the forgotten, obsolete and bland tasting Black Satin, thornless blackberry plant. Red and Black raspberry plants flourish very well in Kentucky gardens, and both wild blackberry plants and native raspberry plants attract wildlife game birds and other wildlife animals for summer feeding. Blueberry plants are a common berry plant to be found in Kentucky gardens. The blueberry pie and blueberry cobbler are common Kentucky deserts that come straight from the garden or even better to eat, fresh blueberries.
Because of the USDA zone restrictions in Kentucky for hardy fruit trees planting, apple tree cultivars of the best adapted apples is important to guarantee the homeowner satisfactory apple tree yields, and apple tree pollinations temperature requirements. In considering which nectarine trees and peach tree selections the University of Ky recommends numerous peaches and nectarines for backyard fruit production. Yellow pulp peach trees are better for planting than red or white peach cultivars. Pear trees do not normally require cross pollination for the most common pear tree varieties since pear trees are self fruitful. Both sour cherry and sweet cherry tree planting is successful in Kentucky. Cherries are harvested for fresh eating, straight off the tree, as well as for cooking as a mainstay dessert cherry pie.
Flowering trees are found for planting at Kentucky Garden Centers and online, and flowering pear trees and Japanese flowering Kwanzan cherry and Yoshino flowering trees are favorites. Shade trees are important for planting near homes for summer shade, and the emphasis on native oak trees and maple trees is focused on drought resistant trees. Fall leaf color is dramatic in Kentucky, and a search for local large shade tree specimens that have been tested by time and weather factors are the best choices. Sycamore and Ginkgo ornamental shade trees are fast growing and adaptable to the unique soil types in Ky landscapes.