Connecticut Fruit Trees,Berry Plants and Nut Trees
The number one restraint for growing fruit trees in Connecticut is the cold weather, Since a fruit tree leafs out during winter warm-ups (indian summer) and cold winters defines CT. as being in USDA zone 5 and 6. In some winters the temperature can plummet to minus 20 degrees F., and many fruit tree cultivars can be damaged or even killed, if the drop is sudden enough following a brief warm up, such as an 'Indian summer'.
Apple trees are the most important fruit tree in Connecticut orchard planting and numerous apple tree cultivars are recommended such as the Macintosh and the old favorites: Red Delicious apple tree and the Golden Delicious apples. Pick-you-own apple tree orchards not only attract CT gardeners, but many tourists flock to the apple trees, where apple cider is served, and the tourists are offered paper sacks full of tree ripe apples to buy.
Several cold hardy peach trees, such as the Red Haven Peach and the Hale Haven peaches are choice peach producers in Connecticut, especially near coastal Bridgeport, Ct. and New Haven, Ct. Sour cherry trees such as the red North Star cherry and the Montmorency are garden Connecticut favorites, and zone 6 fruit gardens can grow sweet cherries, such as the Bing and Black Tartarian cherry are cold hardy.
Quince trees are very productive in CT, plus mulberry trees Both (red) and black mulberry trees produce delicious crops of mulberries. The mulberry is also an important fruit for wildlife animals and wildlife game birds.
Crabapple trees are necessary apple tree pollinators , if apple trees are to fruit, and both the Dolgo crabapple and the Transcendent crabapple are efficient pollinators of Apple trees in Connecticut. Crabapple trees are important for wildlife food in wildlife preserves for deer and wildlife game birds, that ripen fall seasonal fruit that remains hanging on the tree for several months as a primary wildlife food.
Organic berry plants are important at pick-your-own farms. Black raspberry plants and Latham red raspberry bushes are both native berries to the United States and Latham red raspberries keep well for roadside stand sales or to ship to grocery stores, however, black raspberries have a short shelf life and should eventually be improved for consumers by berry hybridizers. These experiments will eventually introduce this excellent flavored raspberry into national, commercial berry, wholesale markets. Blueberry plants are organically grown in Ct. Connectict has mant pick-your-own berry farms, and the blueberries are loaded with an intense blueberry flavor.
Connecticut researchers have developed several inter-crosses of Japanese chestnut and American chestnuts to create hybrids that are resistant to chestnut blight that destroyed the American chestnut tree forests in 1910. The nuts of the American chestnut trees tasted delicious, writers say, and the straight wooden poles of the American chestnut trees were ideal for commerce. The American chestnuts research was done by the Connecticut agricultural experimental station in New Haven, CT.
The Bayberry shrub-tree is a tough, very important landscape, evergreen plant in CT. gardens. Red Maple tree, Acer rubrum, is a beautiful tree that is used as a street tree along with River Birch, Betula nigra, and Norway elm trees along the Yale University campus streets. Elm street in New Haven, CT., bisects Yale University, New Haven , CT. and the fall elm leaf color is only surpassed by the bright golden yellow leaves of the ginkgo tree. Connecticut gardeners are careful to select male ginkgo trees, to avoid the female ginkgo flower aroma.
Dogwood trees, Cornus florida, are cold hardy throughout Connecticut and the white dogwood flowering tree is the most important street tree, however, pink flowering dogwood and grafted red dogwoods are also brilliant flowering trees in spring gardens. Redbud trees, Cercis canadensis, are native flowering trees in Connecticut forests and redbud blooms with dogwood trees in spring and are often planted together as a flowering tree combo in Connecticut. Palm trees, surprisingly, will survive winter in Connecticut, if the Windmill Palm Tree or the Needle Palm tree is planted in the landscape. Windmill palm trees and often planted near pool landscapes for that unusual tropical accent and the Windmill palms also look great when planted as pairs near patio entrances. The Needle palm tree is a very slow growing palm, but the Needle palms will survive in temperatures of minus twenty degrees F.